Adherents of All Religions by Seven Continental Areas, Mid-1993

                                                                                                 Latin               Northern                               Africa                   Asia                Europe              America              America             Oceania              Eurasia                World                %            Countries  Christians                  341,208,000            300,383,000          409,653,000          443,056,000          241,147,000          22,686,000          111,618,000          1,869,751,000           33.5             270  Roman Catholics            128,167,000            130,102,000          260,034,000          412,366,000           97,892,000           8,229,000            5,711,000          1,042,501,000           18.7             259  Protestants                 91,070,000             85,764,000           73,206,000           17,550,000           97,176,000           7,537,000           10,071,000            382,374,000            6.9             246  Orthodox                    29,771,000              3,847,000           35,777,000            1,793,000            6,062,000             577,000           95,733,000            173,560,000            3.1             105  Anglicans                   28,013,000                744,000           32,629,000            1,322,000            7,404,000           5,734,000                1,000             75,847,000            1.4             158  Other Christians            64,187,000             79,926,000            8,007,000           10,025,000           32,614,000             609,000              102,000            195,470,000            3.5             118 Muslims                     284,844,000            668,298,000           13,633,000            1,400,000            3,332,000             104,000           42,761,000          1,014,372,000           18.2             184 Nonreligious                  2,578,000            721,113,000           57,542,000           18,444,000           24,718,000           3,572,000           84,907,000            912,874,000           16.4             236 Hindus                        1,569,000            746,512,000              707,000              916,000            1,285,000             369,000                2,000            751,360,000           13.5              94 Buddhists                        22,000            332,143,000              273,000              561,000              565,000              26,000              412,000            334,002,000            6.0              92 Atheists                        336,000            167,217,000           16,669,000            3,343,000            1,336,000             549,000           52,402,000            241,852,000            4.3             139 Chinese folk religionists        14,000            140,661,000               60,000               76,000              123,000              21,000                1,000            140,956,000            2.5              60 New-Religionists                 22,000            121,693,000               50,000              550,000            1,439,000              10,000                1,000            123,765,000            2.2              27 Tribal religionists          70,000,000             28,654,000                1,000              971,000               41,000              69,000                    0             99,736,000            1.8             104 Sikhs                            28,000             19,318,000              232,000                8,000              257,000               9,000                1,000             19,853,000            0.4              21 Jews                            359,000              6,264,000            1,475,000            1,132,000            6,850,000             100,000            1,973,000             18,153,000            0.3             134 Shamanists                        1,000             10,591,000                2,000                1,000                1,000               1,000              257,000             10,854,000            0.2              11 Confucians                        1,000              6,204,000                2,000                2,000               26,000               1,000                2,000              6,230,000            0.1               6 Baha'is                       1,591,000              2,774,000               91,000              830,000              370,000              79,000                7,000              5,742,000            0.1             220 Jains                            56,000              3,847,000               15,000                4,000                4,000               1,000                    0              3,927,000            0.1              11 Shintoists                            0              3,332,000                1,000                1,000                1,000               1,000                    0              3,336,000            0.1               4 Other religionists              461,000             12,714,000            1,475,000            3,701,000              491,000               4,000              337,000             19,183,000            0.3             182  Total Population            703,090,000          3,291,718,000          501,881,000          474,996,000          281,986,000          27,602,000          294,681,000          5,575,954,000          100.0             272         NOTES:  Continents. These follow current UN demographic terminology. UN practice began in 1949 by dividing the world into 5 continents, then into 18 regions (1954), then into 8 major          continental areas (called macro regions in 1987) and 24 regions (1963), and 7 major areas and 22 regions (1988). (See United Nations, World Population Prospects 1990, with                 populations of all continents, regions, and countries covering the period 1950-2025.) The table above therefore now combines its former columns "East Asia" and "South Asia" into   one single continental area, "Asia" (which excludes Eurasia [or European Asia], our provisional new term for the former U.S.S.R.).  Countries. The last column enumerates sovereign and nonsovereign countries in which each religion or religious grouping has a significant following.         Rows. The list of religions is arranged by descending order of magnitude of global adherents in 1993 (last two columns but one); similarly for categories within "Christians."         Adherents. As defined and enumerated for each of the world's countries in World Christian Encyclopedia (1982), projected to mid-1993, adjusted for recent data.                Christians. Followers of Jesus Christ affiliated with churches (church members, including children: 1,726,420,000) plus persons professing in censuses or polls though not so affiliated.         Other Christians. Catholics (non-Roman), marginal Protestants, crypto-Christians, and adherents of African, Asian, black, and Latin-American indigenous churches.         Muslims. 83% Sunnites, 16% Shi'ites, 1% other schools. Up to 1990 the former ethnic Muslims in the U.S.S.R. who had embraced Communism were not included as Muslims in this          table. After the collapse of Communism in 1990-91, these ethnic Muslims are once again enumerated as Muslims where they have returned to Islamic profession and practice.  Nonreligious. Persons professing no religion, nonbelievers, agnostics, freethinkers, dereligionized secularists indifferent to all religion.         Hindus. 70% Vaishnavites, 25% Shaivites, 2% neo-Hindus and reform Hindus.         Buddhists. 56% Mahayana, 38% Theravada (Hinayana), 6% Tantrayana (Lamaism).         Atheists. Persons professing atheism, skepticism, disbelief, or irreligion, including antireligious (opposed to religion).         Chinese folk-religionists. Followers of the traditional Chinese religion (local deities, ancestor veneration, Confucian ethics, Taoism, universism, divination, some Buddhist elements).         New-Religionists. Followers of Asian 20th-century New Religions, New Religious movements, radical new crisis religions, and non-Christian syncretistic mass religions, all founded since          1800 and mostly since 1945.  Jews. Estimates of the Jewish population worldwide differ widely; for detailed discussion of a more narrowly defined "core" Jewish population, see the annual "World Jewish Populations"          article in the American Jewish Committee's American Jewish Year Book.         Confucians. Non-Chinese followers of Confucius and Confucianism, mostly Koreans in Korea.         Other religionists. Including 70 minor world religions and a large number of spiritist religions, New Age religions, quasi religions, pseudo religions, parareligions, religious or mystic          systems, religious and semireligious brotherhoods of numerous varieties.  Total Population. UN medium variant figures for mid-1993, as given in World Population Prospects 1990 (New York: UN, 1991), pages 136-142.                               (DAVID B. BARRETT) 



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